What Is the U S. Dollar Index USDX and How to Trade It

what is the dollar index today

President Richard Nixon decided to temporarily suspend the gold standard, at which point other countries were able to choose any exchange agreement other than the price of gold. In 1973, many foreign governments chose to let their https://www.topforexnews.org/ currency rates float, putting an end to the agreement. The index started in 1973 with a base of 100, and values since then are relative to this base. It was established shortly after the Bretton Woods Agreement was dissolved.

what is the dollar index today

As part of the agreement, participating countries settled their balances in U.S. dollars (which was used as the reserve currency), while the USD was fully convertible to gold at a rate of $35/ounce. This fundamental information helps me understand what reports and indicators the economists of the world believe will shape future events. The USDX is based on a basket of six currencies with different weightings (see above). The index calculation is simply the weighted average of the U.S. dollar exchange rates against these currencies, normalized by an indexing factor (which is ~50.1435).

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The dollar index tracks the relative value of the U.S. dollar against a basket of important world currencies. If the index is rising, it means that the dollar is strengthening against the basket – and vice-versa. Over the last several years, the U.S. dollar index has been relatively rangebound between 90 and 110. Gold built on its recent breakout momentum and touched a fresh all-time peak, around the $2,152 region on Wednesday amid expectations for an imminent shift in the Fed’s policy stance.

  1. Similarly, if the index is currently 80, falling 20 from its initial value, that implies that it has depreciated 20%.
  2. It was established shortly after the Bretton Woods Agreement was dissolved.
  3. The U.S. dollar index allows traders to monitor the value of the USD compared to a basket of select currencies in a single transaction.
  4. It also allows them to hedge their bets against any risks with respect to the dollar.
  5. Over the last few months especially, there’s been a lot of focus in the world of Currency Trading upon the state of the US Dollar.
  6. It is likely in the future that currencies such as the Chinese yuan (CNY) and Mexican peso (MXN) will supplant other currencies in the index due to China and Mexico being major trading partners with the U.S.

The U.S. dollar index (USDX) is a measure of the value of the U.S. dollar relative to a basket of foreign currencies. Federal Reserve in 1973 after the dissolution of the Bretton Woods Agreement. It is now maintained by ICE Data Indices, a subsidiary https://www.dowjonesanalysis.com/ of the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE). The index is also available indirectly as part of exchange-traded funds (ETFs) or mutual funds. The USDX uses a fixed weighting scheme based on exchange rates in 1973 that heavily weights the euro.

Crude Oil around $78.50 after recent gains on US Crude Oil Stocks Change

In the coming years, it is likely currencies will be replaced as the index strives to represent major U.S. trading partners. It is likely in the future that currencies such as the Chinese yuan (CNY) and Mexican peso (MXN) will supplant other currencies in the index due to https://www.forexbox.info/ China and Mexico being major trading partners with the U.S. The index is affected by macroeconomic factors, including inflation/deflation in the dollar and foreign currencies included in the comparable basket, as well as recessions and economic growth in those countries.

what is the dollar index today

The U.S. Dollar Index (USDX) is a relative measure of the U.S. dollars (USD) strength against a basket of six influential currencies, including the Euro, Pound, Yen, Canadian Dollar, Swedish Korner, and Swiss Franc. The USDX can be used as a proxy for the health of the U.S. economy and traders can use it to speculate on the dollar’s change in value or as a hedge against currency exposure elsewhere. The U.S. dollar index allows traders to monitor the value of the USD compared to a basket of select currencies in a single transaction. It also allows them to hedge their bets against any risks with respect to the dollar. An overvaluation of the USD led to concerns over the exchange rates and their link to the way in which gold was priced.

About U.S. Dollar Index

For instance, the Invesco DB U.S. Dollar Index Bullish Fund (UUP) is an ETF that tracks the changes in value of the US dollar via USDX future contracts. The Wisdom Tree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund (USDU) is an actively-managed ETF that goes long the U.S. dollar against a basket of developed and emerging market currencies. An index value of 120 suggests that the U.S. dollar has appreciated 20% versus the basket of currencies over the time period in question. Simply put, if the USDX goes up, that means the U.S. dollar is gaining strength or value when compared to the other currencies. West Texas Intermediate oil price edges lower to near $78.50 per barrel during the Asian trading hours on Thursday. However, Crude oil prices surged on Wednesday after US oil stockpiles rose less than expected for the week ending on March 1.

Meanwhile, any meaningful corrective decline in the XAU/USD price seems elusive amid persistent geopolitical tensions. Similarly, if the index is currently 80, falling 20 from its initial value, that implies that it has depreciated 20%. The appreciation and depreciation results are a factor of the time period in question. The euro is, by far, the largest component of the index, making up 57.6% of the basket.

USD/JPY: Japanese Yen clings to strong intraday gains near multi-week top against USD

The weights of the rest of the currencies in the index are JPY (13.6%), GBP (11.9%), CAD (9.1%), SEK (4.2%), and CHF (3.6%).

As a result, expect to see big moves in the fund in response to euro movements. Over the last few months especially, there’s been a lot of focus in the world of Currency Trading upon the state of the US Dollar. No matter what your opinion is of the Greenback, it is still, without question, regarded as the world’s primary reserve currency and holds its weight of recognition across the board. The Japanese Yen attracts follow-through buying amid renewed BoJ rate hike bets. The uncertainty about the Fed’s rate-cut path keeps the USD bulls on the defensive. The market focus remains glued to the release of the crucial US NFP report on Friday.

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